The printing industry engaged in printing text and images onto paper, metal, glass, and some apparel and other materials. Employment is expected to decline due to increasing computerization, declining volume of printed matter, and the expanding use of the Internet in advertising and communications.
The printing industry may undergo technological changes as like IT industries and many of the processes are automated and the technology influence can be seen in stages of printing. The Printing companies trying to cut down the man costs and nearly all prepress work are converted digitally and they are computerized.
Digital printing has become the fastest growing industry segment as printers embrace this technology. Working conditions have become less hazardous as the industry has become more automated.
The Printing Industry is the 5th largest of the global manufacturing Industries, but it is among the least well documented which serves all sectors of the economy including public authorities, financial services, publishers, and distribution services and manufacturing industries. Its customers range from major institutions to the smallest business.
Changing technology and new business models that make greater use of digital equipment and shorter-run print jobs will stem the rate of decline and provide job opportunities in an evolving printing industry.
The nature of work was prepress technicians prepare print jobs for the presses and when the material is ready, printing machine operators review the material with the prepress technician and then install and adjust printing plates on presses. During the binding in Sivakasi or finishing stage, the printed sheets are transformed into products such as books, catalogs, magazines, or directories.
Educational backgrounds vary among workers while entering the printing industry. Helpers tend to have a high school or vocational school background, while management trainees usually have a college degree. In general, job applicants must be high school graduates with mathematical, verbal, written communication skills, and be computer literate.
Production workers need communications skills to work with clients and must be attentive to detail in order to identify and correct printing problems. Workers who enter the printing industry are typically trained informally on the job.
The increasing automation of the printing process and the expanding use of the Internet that reduces the need for printed materials. Some small- and medium-size firms are also consolidating in order to afford the investment in new technology and equipment leading to an expected drop in employment. However, digital printing and shorter run print capabilities allow many printers to accept smaller job orders and remain profitable, thus stemming the level of employment decline somewhat.
Opportunities should be best for those with the computer, graphic design, and communications skills. Earnings in the printing industry can vary significantly by industry segment and by occupation.
Growth in mechanization in bindery operations should result in declines in the employment of bindery workers. While the need for manual binding has declined, the demand for hand finishing operations, such as individualized enhancement services generally provided for high end or one-of-a-kind publications have grown offsetting some of the employment declines in bindery and finishing departments.
When it comes to the future of solutions being used in print, we see tremendous opportunity for an increased role for workflow in production digital equipment.